The Present Perfect Tense is formed using the following structure:
Affirmative: Subject + Have / Has + Past Participle
Negative: Subject + Haven’t / Hasn’t + Past Participle
Question: Have / Has + Subject + Past Participl
When do we use the Present Perfect Tense?
1. Unspecified point in the past
• I have been to Spain three times.
(At some unspecified time in the past, I went to Spain).
Compare with the simple past:
• I went to Spain three times in 2005.
(specified time in the past — the year 2005)
2. An action that occurred in the past, but has a result in the present (now)
• We can’t find our luggage. Have you seen it?
(The luggage was lost in the past, do you know where it is now?)
3. Talking about general experiences (ever, never)
It usually refers to an event happening at some moment in your life.
• Has she ever tried Chilean wine before? (in her life)
• I’ve never eaten monkey brains before. (in my life)
4. Events that recently occurred (just)
• Do you want to go to a restaurant with me?
No, thanks. I’ve just eaten lunch. (I recently ate lunch.)
5. Events that have occurred up to now (yet)
• Are Carlos and Rodrigo here? No, they haven’t arrived yet. (they’re still not here now)
6. Events that occurred before you expected (already)
• I’ve already graduated from University. (I expected to graduate at a later date.)
7. Events that began in the past and haven’t changed (for, since)
• Mike has worked at Woodward for 3 years.
(Mike started working at Woodward 3 years ago and he still works there now.)
• Julie has worked at Woodward since September last year.
(Julie began working at Woodward in September of last year, and that hasn’t changed — she still works here now.)
How about u ?
Future Perfect Tense:
The future perfect is a verb tense used for actions that will be completed before some other point in the future.
The parade will have ended by the time Chester gets out of bed. At eight o’clock I will have left.
Key words: Verb, past participle, tense, preposition
The future perfect tense is for talking about an action that will be completed between now and some point in the future. Imagine that your friend Linda asks you to take care of her cat for a few days while she goes on a trip. She wants you to come over today at noon so she can show you where to find the cat food and how to mash it up in the bowl just right so that Fluffy will deign to eat it. But you’re busy this afternoon, so you ask Linda if you can come at eight o’clock tonight instead.
“No, that won’t work! At eight o’clock I will have left already,” she says.
What does the future perfect tell us here? It tells us that Linda is going to leave for her trip some time after right now, but before a certain point in the future (eight o’clock tonight). She probably shouldn’t have waited until the last minute to find a cat sitter.
The Future Perfect Formula
The formula for the future perfect tense is pretty simple: will have + [past participle]. It doesn’t matter if the subject of your sentence is singular or plural. The formula doesn’t change.
When to Use the Future Perfect Tense
Sometimes, you can use the future perfect tense and the simple future tense interchangeably. In these two sentences, there is no real difference in meaning because the word before makes the sequence of events clear:
Linda will leave before you get there. Linda will have left before you get there.
But without prepositions such as before or by the time that make the sequence of events clear, you need to use the future perfect to show what happened first.
At eight o’clock Linda will leave. (This means that Linda will wait until 8 o’clock to leave.) At eight o’clock Linda will have left. (This means Linda will leave before 8 o’clock.)
When Not to Use the Future Perfect Tense
The future perfect tense is only for actions that will be complete before a specified point in the future. In other words, the action you’re talking about must have a deadline. If you don’t mention a deadline, use the simple future tense instead of the future perfect tense.
A very confusing concept is when to use WILL and when to use BE GOING TO when we refer the future.
Both refer to the future and there is a slight difference between the two though in most cases they can be used interchangeably with no difference in meaning. Even if you misuse them, a native speaker is going to understand you without any problems.
When to use GOING TO
The structure BE GOING TO is normally used to indicate the future but with some type of connection to the present. We use it in the following situations:
1. When we have already decided or we INTEND to do something in the future. (Prior Plan)
The decision has been made before the moment of speaking.
• They’re going to retire to the beach — in fact they have already bought a little beach house.
• I’m going to accept the job offer.
2. When there are definite signs that something is going to happen. (Evidence)
Something is likely to happen based on the evidence or experience you have.
• I think it is going to rain — I just felt a drop.
• I don’t feel well. I think I’m going to throw up. (throw up = vomit)
3. When something is about to happen:
• Get back! The bomb is going to explode.
When to use WILL
In other cases, where there is no implicit or explicit connection to the present, use WILL:
1. For things that we decide to do now. (Rapid Decisions)
This is when you make a decision at that moment, in a spontaneous way.
• I’ll buy one for you too.
• I think I’ll try one of those. (I just decided this right now)
2. When we think or believe something about the future. (Prediction)
• My team will not win the league this season.
• I think it will rain later so take an umbrella with you.
Note: You can use both Will and Going to for making future predictions.
3. To make an offer, a promise or a threat.
• I’ll give you a discount if you buy it right now.
• I promise I will behave next time.
• I’ll take you to the movies if you’d like.
4. You use WON’T when someone refuses to do something.
• I told him to take out the trash but he won’t do it.
• My kids won’t listen to anything I say.
• My car won’t start.
As you can see, both Will and Going to can be used for making future predictions without having a real difference in meaning.
• The weather report says it will rain tomorrow. (Correct)
• The weather report says it is going to rain tomorrow. (Correct)
Compare Will vs. Going To
If someone asks: «Are you busy this evening?»
If I respond: «Yes, I’m going to the movies.» I use going to because it is a plan I made earlier (before I was asked the question). — In this case we cannot use Will.
If I haven’t made plans, then you can say either: «I willprobably watch TV.» OR «I’m probably going to watch TV.»
Both will and going to are possible in this situation because we are predicting what will happen (since we haven’t made any plans).
We almost did it ! Happy Thursday
It is winter, it is cold.
Father Frost is very old.
But he’s always full of joy
And glad to give me a nice toy.
New Year Day, happy day!
We are glad and very gay.
We all dance, and sing, and say
“Welcome, welcome, New Year Day!”
владение идиомами (устойчивыми выражениями) в любом языке – залог вашего успеха у носителей, ведь использование идиом в вашей речи сразу повышает ваш уровень и позволяет проникнуться аутентичностью языка, который вы изучаете и на котором хотите разговаривать максимально по-носительски.
Какие идиомы знаете вы ?
Учим глаголы: The English language has a large number of irregular verbs.
Отзыв наших клиентов о наших учителей. Спасибо за Ваше теплые слова.Мы всегда вам рады.
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